1

Oeecea oa 1812 . apae oxo coa pycco oece ap co apoec oe, a eoe peae a pae oaoo eee py pyccoo oepca c e ee pax epoecx cpa. Mc pocee payca peo, a ae pycca caoepao-peoceca eceoc o a oppoae eoo eapccoo e.

epeoe pycce oep, oope epyc oce o a ocooee Epo cpay "apaee" peocoo paa, opaoa oeco "Co

cace"

(1816 .). Macaa ceoc oeca 30-50 eoe, ocoa e yoee peocoo paa eee ocy. Mc o apeyce, oa o ee, ocoae "cyoc cpec", oop pacoaaa aocea aya opaa ce oao epecpoe oco "Coa cace", pacpe ee ceoo cocaa.

1818 . "Co cace" epeeoa "Co aoec"

(oee 200 eoe). Ocoa aaa "Coa aoec" opa a aoeae oeceoo e. e "Coa aoec" paepy oece poaay apeocecx e, coy epaype co, cao acoce o, ea oopx oe eapc. Ka yaco "Coa aoec" oa pa coe paeco eeoc oy epex opace: 1) "eoeoe" (yace eeoc aoopex oec), 2) opaoae, 3) paocye, 4) oeceoe xoco. ooe acpoa ycae "Coa aoec" "eeo e".

1820-1821 . Aecap I oepy copoy pea, cyecoae "Coa aoec" c eo opo poaao cao oac. ape 1821. oeco o pacyeo.

Beco Coa aoec 1821-1822 . opaoac a ax coa oeca, oce ye po peoo xapaep.

Bo ae "Ceepoo oeca"

eepype co pa Mypae,

C..Tpyeo, H..Typee,

E..Ooec,

o K..Pee.

"oe oeco"

opaoaoc Tye (paa). Bo ae "oo oeca" co ep eco oo ..ece,

aa pa peooy ay, o o apeyca ae cpee ce epaopco a. Haoee a ea oo oeca eepa C..Booc, ec, C.Mypae-Aoco, M.ecye-P.

Kpoe oo Ceepoo oec oo ee Oeco coeex ca, caee coe e ycao eepay pecyy cex cacx apoo.

oece popa eapco

. "Pycca paa

" ("P..") epa Pocc pecyaca porpaa. ece copoo e epxoo ac apoa: "Hapo poccc e ec paeoc aoo-o a ceeca. Hapo oo, paeco ec paeoc apoa oo ypeeo aa apooo, a e apo cyecye aa paeca". "P.." apeaoc ae coa o peoceco caoepao poo Pocc. c ece Pocc oa a ca pecyo c ooaa apaeo (Hapooe ee). coea ac epac a, pa Hap ee cpoo a e. Bo ae Pocc oe co pee (o pao ep).

"Kocy

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28 1914 . - . , . - ...

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, , , , . "Panhard et Levassor", . 1890 ...